Pediatric Respirology and Critical Care Medicine

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 42--47

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in children


Yen-Jhih Liao1, Yung-Feng Huang2, Bao-Ren Nong3 
1 Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan ROC
2 Fu Jen Catholic University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan ROC; Department of Pediatrics, National Defense Medical Center, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan ROC
3 Department of Pediatrics, National Defense Medical Center, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan ROC; Division of Pediatric Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology/Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan ROC

Correspondence Address:
Bao-Ren Nong
Division of Pediatric Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology/Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, No. 386, Dajhong 1st Road, Zuoying District, Kaohsiung City 81362
Taiwan ROC

Scarce studies about spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) in pediatric patients are published because of lower incidence in a child than an adult. This article is a literature review of pediatric SPM, discussing about aspects of incidence rate, epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and prognosis about pediatric SPM. In conclusion, SPM is usually a benign disease and treatable with only supportive care. However, poorer prognosis is noted; if it is complicated with other underlying diseases or complications, then aggressive treatment might be needed.


How to cite this article:
Liao YJ, Huang YF, Nong BR. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in children.Pediatr Respirol Crit Care Med 2021;5:42-47


How to cite this URL:
Liao YJ, Huang YF, Nong BR. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in children. Pediatr Respirol Crit Care Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Aug 10 ];5:42-47
Available from: https://www.prccm.org/article.asp?issn=2543-0343;year=2021;volume=5;issue=3;spage=42;epage=47;aulast=Liao;type=0