Pediatric Respirology and Critical Care Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11--15

Air pollution as a risk factor for increasing hospitalizations of preschool wheeze in Hong Kong


Ka-Ka Siu1, Chin-Pang Wong1, Rachel Shui-Ping Lee1, Jack Pak-Yeung Chan1, Shuk-Yu Leung1, Eric Yat-Tung Chan1, Ka-Li Kwok1, Ada Yuen-Fong Yip1, Rupert Phillips2, Daniel Kwok-Keung Ng1 
1 Department of Paediatrics, Kwong Wah Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China
2 Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, UK

Correspondence Address:
Ka-Ka Siu
Department of Paediatrics, Kwong Wah Hospital, Hong Kong SAR
China

Background: Wheeze has been reported to affect one-third of preschoolchildren. While different wheeze patterns have been shown to predict future asthma risk, limited data are available on the risk factors for preschool wheeze in Asia. Methods: Preschool children admitted to hospitals through emergency departments for wheeze, from 2004 to 2015 in Hong Kong, were retrospectively identified. Potential risk factors for admissions over the same period were retrieved (i.e., air pollutants, preterm delivery, and maternal age). Results: A total of 46,258 patients meeting the inclusion criteria were identified during the 12-year period. The preschool wheeze admission rate increased by 34% over the past 12 years, with an average year-on-year rise of 4.2%. Environmental nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentration was significantly associated with an increase in admission for preschool wheeze (r = 0.63, P = 0.028). Univariate regression analysis was performed on potential risk factors. Annual average NO2concentration (P = 0.007) and maternal age more than 40 years (P = 0.012) were significant risk factors. For multivariable regression analysis, annual average NO2concentration (β = 0.18, 95% confidence interval = 0.06–0.30) was the only independent factor associated with preschool wheeze admission. Conclusions: The increase of NO2concentration is a significant risk factor for the increase in hospitalizations for preschool wheeze in Hong Kong.


How to cite this article:
Siu KK, Wong CP, Lee RS, Chan JP, Leung SY, Chan EY, Kwok KL, Yip AY, Phillips R, Ng DK. Air pollution as a risk factor for increasing hospitalizations of preschool wheeze in Hong Kong.Pediatr Respirol Crit Care Med 2018;2:11-15


How to cite this URL:
Siu KK, Wong CP, Lee RS, Chan JP, Leung SY, Chan EY, Kwok KL, Yip AY, Phillips R, Ng DK. Air pollution as a risk factor for increasing hospitalizations of preschool wheeze in Hong Kong. Pediatr Respirol Crit Care Med [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Jan 22 ];2:11-15
Available from: https://www.prccm.org/article.asp?issn=2543-0343;year=2018;volume=2;issue=1;spage=11;epage=15;aulast=Siu;type=0